Incident Summary:

01/10/2020: Assailants opened fire on the vehicle of Gani Esmali, the municipal vice mayor of Baliguian, in Santa Maria, Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. Three people were killed in the attack, including Esmali and his police escort, while one other civilian was injured. No group claimed responsibility for the incident.




Southeast Asia

region/u.s. state:

Zamboanga del Norte

Santa Maria

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Assassination
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Government (General)
Name of Entity Government of Baliguian
Specific Description Vice Mayor: Gani Esmali
Nationality of Target Philippines
Target Type: Police
Name of Entity Philippine National Police (PNP)
Specific Description Officer: Pat Godelito Corbita Bongcac
Nationality of Target Philippines
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Civilian: Jaymalin Jalabi Tunggal
Nationality of Target Philippines
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Automatic Weapon
Weapon Details
At least one M16 Armalite rifle was used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the majority reliable estimates are reported here.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Unknown No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 3 Fatalities / 1 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 3
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 1
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Zamboanga del Norte vice mayor, 2 escorts slain in ambush," Philippine Star, January 11, 2020.
"Vice mayor, policeman, killed in Zamboanga del Norte ambush," Manila Bulletin, January 11, 2020.
"Zamboanga town vice mayor survives ambush," Manila Times, January 11, 2020.