Incident Summary:

11/09/2020: Assailants, with the support of local Tigrayans, attacked non-Tigrayan ethnic groups in May Cadera, Ethiopia. The attack was initiated as on-going clashes between Tigrayans and Ethiopian armed forces reached Mai Kadera. This was one of two simultaneous attacks in May Cadera on this date. At least 767 people were killed and an unknown number of others were injured across both attacks. No group claimed responsibility for the incident; however, sources attributed the attack to Samri militia and the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF). The TPLF denied their involvement, but acknowledged that associated militia members may have been involved.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:


May Cadera

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Hostage Taking (Kidnapping)
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Ahmara Civilians
Nationality of Target Ethiopia
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages Unknown
US Hostages 0
Outcome Hostage(s) killed (not during rescue attempt)
Ransom No
Property Damage Unknown
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Melee Knife or Other Sharp Object
Melee Blunt Object
Melee Rope or Other Strangling Device
Weapon Details
Machetes, knives, axes, sticks, and ropes were used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the lowest reliable estimates are reported here
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Samri militia No
Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) (suspected) No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 766 Fatalities
Total Number of Fatalities 766
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured Unknown
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"At least 600 killed in Mai Kadra massacre: Ethiopian rights body," Al Jazeera, November 24, 2020.
"BBCM Africa Watchlist for 30 November," African media, November 30, 2020.
"BBCM Africa Watchlist for 25 November," African media, November 25, 2020.