Although current countering violent extremist (CVE) efforts were conceived as an attempt to move to a more proactive and positive paradigm to address violent extremism through non-coercive means in the pre-criminal space, they are still tainted by their association with counterterrorism efforts.
A growing consensus agrees that preventing terrorist acts cannot be left only to traditional law enforcement and prosecutorial approaches. We should also draw from public health, a discipline responsible for preventing diseases and injuries, protecting against environmental hazards, and promoting healthy behaviors and environments. Adopting a public health approach to the issue may be the best way to realize the intent of CVE.
Weine, Stevan and David Eisenman. 2016. "How Public Health Can Improve Initiatives to Counter Violent Extremism." START (April). https://www.start.umd.edu/news/how-public-health-can-improve-initiatives-counter-violent-extremism