The desire for the return of the Caliph, a religious and political leader for Muslims worldwide, is an often-mentioned goal in radical Islamic discourse, yet is rarely discussed in the counter-terrorism literature. As part of an ongoing project examining extremist Islamist groups in Indonesia, our research has examined the role of the Caliph ideology in radical mobilization.
McLeod, Douglas M., and Frank Hairgrove. 2008. "Support for the Caliphate and Radical Mobilization." College Park, MD: START (January).