A consortium of researchers dedicated to improving the understanding of the human causes and consequences of terrorism

Introducing the AMAR (All Minorities at Risk) Data


The article introduces the All Minorities at Risk (AMAR) data, a sample of socially recognized and salient ethnic groups. Fully coded for the forty core Minorities at Risk variables, this AMAR sample provides researchers with data for empirical analysis free from the selection issues known in the study of ethnic politics to date. We describe the distinct selection issues motivating the coding of the data with an emphasis on underexplored selection issues arising with truncation of ethnic group data, especially when moving between levels of data. We then describe our sampling technique and the resulting coded data. Next, we suggest some directions for the future study of ethnicity and conflict using our bias-corrected data. Our preliminary correlations suggest selection bias may have distorted our understanding about both group and country correlates of ethnic violence.

Publication Information

Full Citation:

Birnir, Johanna K., David D. Laitin, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, David M. Waguespack, Agatha S. Hultquist, and Ted R. Gurr. 2017. "Introducing the AMAR (All Minorities at Risk) Data." Journal of Conflict Resolution (August). http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0022002717719974