Jones is a historian of science, medicine, and technology. Her research interests have included: the changing scientific understanding of disease over time in conjunction with the historical context in which scientists worked; structure and practice within the biomedical sciences and professions; and scientists' influences on human-animal interactions. Currently, she is working on two book-length projects that investigate the modern histories of bovine tuberculosis and anthrax in a transnational context. These projects are part of her overall program of exploring the historical ecology of zoonotic diseases. In addition, she is a participant in the University's Consortium on Law and Values in Health, the Environment, and the Life Sciences and is a member of the National Center for the Study of Terrorism and the Response to Terrorism.