Utilizing funds provided by the European Union (EU), the Organization of American States (OAS), through the Secretariat of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE), and in conjunction with the University of Maryland (UMD), the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) has undertaken a two-pronged effort to enhance biosecurity in Central and South American countries. This two-pronged effort comprised a comprehensive biosecurity threat assessment of the Central and South American region and a set of four country-level threat assessments. This report provides a biosecurity threat assessment of the Republic of Panama for policy-focused individuals and those responsible for working in or managing the activities of laboratories.
Binder, Markus K., Alexandra M. Williams, and Steve S. Sin. “Biosecurity Threat Assessment: Republic of Panama”. Washington, D.C.: UNSCR 1540 Implementation Program of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism, Organization of American States, 2023.