A Department of Homeland Security Emeritus Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

A consortium of researchers dedicated to improving the understanding of the human causes and consequences of terrorism

L.E.A.D.I.R. Key Findings


L.E.A.D.I.R. Key Findings


The Leadership for the Extreme and Dangerous for Innovation Results (LEADIR) dataset uses an internal strategic organizational approach to examine the leadership, organizational structure, and
indicators of innovation in a sample of 280 violent extremist organizations and 295 violent extremist leaders active between 2008 and 2017. The data can be used to provide insight into which violent
extremist organizations and leaders will emerge as the most strategically differentiated in the coming years. LEADIR has been federally funded and used by the Department of Defense and the
Department of Homeland Security since 2010.

This brief examines how organizational size, complexity and formalization affect outcomes. It also examines attributes of group leaders.

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Publication Information

Full Citation: 

Ligon, Gina, and Michael Logan. 2020. "L.E.A.D.I.R. Key Findings," START College Park, MD. April. http://start.umd.edu/pubs/START_LEADIR_KeyFindings_April2020.pdf

START Author(s): 
Gina Scott Ligon
Publication URL: 
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