A Department of Homeland Security Emeritus Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

A consortium of researchers dedicated to improving the understanding of the human causes and consequences of terrorism

Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States—Desistance, Disengagement, and Deradicalization (PIRUS-D3)


Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States—Desistance, Disengagement, and Deradicalization (PIRUS-D3)

Abstract: 

The Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States—Desistance, Disengagement, and Deradicalization (PIRUS-D3) project supplements the PIRUS dataset with information on 300 United States extremists who desisted from criminal activity, disengaged from extremist groups or movements, and/or deradicalized after their participation in ideologically motivated illegal activities. PIRUS-D3 includes information on individuals from across the ideological spectrum and was collected using open-sources, including interview transcripts, biographies, court documents, and news reports. PIRUS-D3 contains information on a wide range of factors that act as barriers to extremist disengagement and criminal desistance, as well as the push/pull factors that help individuals leave extremist groups. These factors include changes in educational attainment or work performance, the development of positive personal relationships, participation in drug or alcohol rehabilitation programs or mental health counseling, and a number of measures that reflect individuals’ disillusionment with their respective extremist groups and/or causes.

Publication Information

Full Citation: 

Jensen, Michael, and Patrick James, Elizabeth Yates. 2019. "Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States—Desistance, Disengagement, and Deradicalization (PIRUS-D3)." START, College Park, Maryland. July. https://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/START_PIRUS_DesistanceDisengagementDeradicalization_July2019.pdf

Publication URL: 
Visit Website