PMSC training has the potential to improve state capacity, reduce the combatants’ opportunity and willingness to fight, and prolong the duration of peace. However, the benefit of PMSC training-related intervention over other types of PMSC interventions depends on the level of conflict complexity. Analysis of novel data on PMSC interventions and peace episodes following major/minor civil wars (1990–2008) shows that in cases when PMSCs intervene, training makes a positive contribution to peace in wars with a limited number of rebel groups that do not resort to terrorism. Positive impact dissipates in conflicts with greater levels of rebel fragmentation and terrorist tactics.
Radziszewski, Elizabeth and Seden Akcinaroglu. 2020. "Private Military & Security Companies, Conflict Complexity, and Peace Duration: An Empirical Analysis." Small Wars & Insurgencies 31 (July): 1415-1440. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09592318.2020.1784500